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Sulfide Control with Cloevis Biofilm Removal Service

Project Scope

A major city in Florida had been experiencing chronic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) odor and corrosion problems at a forcemain discharge manhole and further downstream at a lift station, resulting in community complaints and collection system corrosion. Furthermore, the forcemain was located in the median of a busy roadway with no place to store a permanent chemical injection system. USP Technologies (USP) performed a system trial utilizing Cloevis Biofilm Removal Service. The trial quickly reduced sulfide to desired levels at both control points and eliminated all odor complaints.


Cloevis Biofilm Removal Service (Cloevis BRS) is an innovative technology offering that removes the biofilms that adhere to the inner surfaces of wastewater forcemain walls, including the underlying Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) that produce hydrogen sulfide. As a result, gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production is eliminated. The treatment requires an initial conditioning period when the biofilm that harbors the SRB’s is removed, followed by maintenance treatments that are repeated as monitored lines show signs of SRB reformation.

Control of H2S has been achieved in wastewater collection systems with the utilization of many different technologies such as oxidation, precipitation, pH adjustments and vapor-phase systems. Cloevis BRS offers the benefits of lower cost, avoidance or minimization of on-site chemical storage, is unaffected by sulfide loading, retention time or oxygen uptake and has no labor/ maintenance demand. Other benefits include complete removal of sulfide odors for up to three weeks after treatment cycle and elimination of methane production within the treated segment as well as no downstream adverse impacts due to residual treatment chemicals. In addition, the effective cost of Cloevis BRS is similar to caustic shocking and less than conventional continuous chemical feed alternatives such as nitrate and iron salts.


The City’s forcemain length is 8,600 feet with a diameter of 8-10 inches and a retention time of 4-6 hours. It has a wastewater flow of 0.128 MGD, and prior to Cloevis BRS treatment, had baseline H2S vapor levels at 50-119 ppm and total liquid sulfide levels at 7.8 mg/L at the control location.

The initial conditioning period involved two separate 24-hour treatments which were completed two days apart. Maintenance treatments included one 12-hour treatment after the first 12 days and one 8-hour treatment after an additional 24 days. Ongoing maintenance Cloevis BRS treatments are completed every 3-4 weeks, depending on the rate of biofilm regeneration. Since the initial conditioning period, H2S average levels have steadily been at 5 PPM or less at the forcemain discharge manhole and sulfides at the downstream lift station have been greatly reduced. Additionally, odor complaints have ceased at these locations since USP began Cloevis BRS treatment.

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USP Technologies

5640 Cox Rd.

Glen Allen, VA 23060

Toll-free (800) 851-8527

Phone (804) 404-7696

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USP - Canada

3020 Gore Road

London, Ontario N5V 4T7

Toll-free (800) 851-8527

Phone (804) 404-7696

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